Inflation's grip on the American economy is finally loosening

According to the latest report from the Labor Department on Wednesday, consumer prices in June rose by a mere 3% compared to the previous year - the smallest annual increase since March 2021. Furthermore, experts predict that inflation could further decline in the coming months.

  • Contrast this with the situation just a year ago when inflation had skyrocketed to over 9%, fueled partly by surging gasoline prices following Russia's war in Ukraine.
  • Since then, gasoline prices have plummeted by more than 26%, significantly impacting the day-to-day lives of countless Americans. Additionally, grocery prices stabilized last month, offering consumers a welcome respite for their budgets.
  • In a positive turn of events for the summer season, the cost of airline tickets and hotel rooms decreased in June, despite robust travel demand.
  • Even more encouraging is the prospect of lower inflation on the horizon. While rent played a significant role in driving up inflation in June, individuals signing new apartment leases this summer are experiencing smaller rent hikes compared to a year ago.

Profit Margins May Come Under Pressure

Although it takes time for these changes to reflect in the government's official inflation figures, the signs are becoming increasingly evident. Economist Lael Brainard, who previously served as Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve board and now heads the National Economic Council, notes that certain companies were able to boost their profit margins during the intense inflationary period of the past two years. However, this trend may soon reverse.

  • Brainard highlights a phenomenon she calls a "price-price" spiral, where companies raise their prices even higher in response to increased costs.
  • She stresses the importance for corporations to gradually reduce their markups after having elevated them to unprecedented levels over the past couple of years, speaking at the Economic Club of New York on Wednesday.
  • While Wednesday's data indicating a slowdown in inflation will likely be welcomed by those combatting rising prices, the battle is far from over.

Over the past 16 months, the Federal Reserve has aggressively raised interest rates in an attempt to curb demand and rein in prices. Although the central bank chose to maintain rates at the last meeting in June, forecasters anticipate at least one additional quarter-point rate hike when Fed policymakers convene in two weeks.

However, if inflation continues its downward trajectory, this could potentially mark the conclusion of rate increases in the current cycle.


Please note that this article does not constitute investment advice in any form. This article is not a research report and is not intended to serve as the basis for any investment decision. All investments involve risk and the past performance of a security or financial product does not guarantee future returns. Investors have to conduct their own research before conducting any transaction. There is always the risk of losing parts or all of your money when you invest in securities or other financial products. Please note that the writer of this article is not registered as a financial advisor.


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